Uzbekistan has well preserved relics from the time when Central Asia was a center of the empire, education and trade. Uzbekistan cities of Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, and Tashkent Shahrisabz live in the imagination of the West as symbols of oriental beauty and mystery.
Ancient cities of Uzbekistan were located on the ancient Silk Road, trade between China and the West. The route took its name from silk, the commodity in most demand in Europe from China during the Roman period. Some of the most influential and savage conquerors came and ruled the country. Alexander the Great, directed at least 8 cities in Central Asia between 334 to 323 BC before the caravans began traveling through the Silk Road to China by 138 BC, opened its borders to trade. Were between 484 - 1150 Huns, Turks and Arabs from the West and the latest brought a new religion of Islam. Many mosques and madrasahs were built in Uzbekistan cities of Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva during this period, including remaining structures of the Samanids. Most cities were destroyed during the invasion of Genghis Khan in 1220. Later Timur, also known as Tamerlane, resurrected once famous cities by using the labor of slaves and artists during the Crusades successfully conquered. Timur conquered Persia, conquered Baghdad and lead expeditions to Anatolia and India. Most of the architecture in Samarkand, it will be noted, was build by Timur and his grandson Ulugbek.
One of the oldest cities in the Republic of Uzbekistan and in the world and one of the most visited city according Uzbekistan Travel is Samarkand, known in the middle of the first century BC under the name Maracanda and later as Afrosiab. It was the capital of the powerful state Sogd, the center of Emir Timur's great empire. The numerous monuments of Samarkand and its suburbs impress tourist with their beauty and splendor.
The refined architectural shapes, intricate ornamentation, mosaics, blue-tile domes and facades are interesting for all visitors theses beautiful buildings.
The settlement of Bukhara in Uzbekistan dates from the 8th Century, when it was 200 years, the center of an expanding Islamic empire and as a commercial and intellectual center for Central Asian prosperity. During the Mongol invasion, it was destroyed by Genghis Khan in 1219th It was then ruled by a series of regional powers, including descendants of Genghis Khan, the Turks and Uzbeks. Once one of the holiest cities of Islam, Bukhara contains many fine examples of Islamic architecture.
Khiva is known as a town museum under the sky. It existed as a city for about 900 years, but in the settlement today until the 19th Century, when it was developed, the last oasis on the northern Russian slave trade run. Important spiritual and cultural values came form the large scientific centers of astronomy, mathematics and medicine, which in this area for centuries. It is possible through the narrow streets of Khiva, and peered into the small courtyards wander through the wooden carved doors. The guaranteed life in the gardens of the visitors that it is not just a museum but a living city
Although Tashkent was probably begin around the 1st Century BC, the date of written records, the city of the Arab occupation in the 8th Century AD. The 13th - Century defeat Genghis Khan and his Mongolian forces threw Tashkent in a time of turbulence. The Mongols, the city lost in the 14th Century, when the Timurid Empire seized control. The Timurid Empire ruled Tashkent until the end of the 15th Century, when Sheibanids swept through the region. Today is the capital of Uzbekistan and has good popularity from Uzbekistan Travel lovers