Origins of RNE
Radio Nacional de España (Spain National Radio) officially came into being in
It was then that the propaganda immense potential of radio was clear and early 14th June 1937, the nationalist RNE radio's Notice. Until then, this distinction was held by Radio de Castilla
During this era and the early years of World War II until the arrival of the Allies in
RNE after the Spanish Civil War
After the Spanish Civil War had ended, the leader of the victorious nationalist forces General Francisco Franco passed an order on 6 October 1939 under the private radio broadcasts of the official censorship by the political party of the state, FET y de las JONS and the RNE also granted exclusive rights to the news bulletin service.
Apart from these official broadcasts, the only other sources of information available Spaniards were the Spanish language bulletin, the BBC and Radio France International, and radio España Independiente (Independent Spain Radio), was a radio station by the Communist Party that Spain had its headquarters in Moscow (though it was known as
Although from the time of the civil war it had already foreign broadcasts in different languages, it was not until April 1945, that the installation of the key short-wave stations in Arganda del Rey (
It was from that moment that the slow journey from the Spanish public broadcasting began, motivated by the poor quality of the media and the international block on the other hand, the disabled, until 1955 with the entry RNE in the European Broadcasting Union Union.
The end of the 1950s and early 1960s saw the introduction of advanced technologies such as frequency modulation (FM) and transfers in stereo. A parallel commercial station,
The development of RNE (National Spain Radios) during the 1960s and 1970s
The year 1964 saw the first major restructuring of Radio National. A network of regional broadcasting center provided strong short-wave transmissions, with an aura of power between 250 kW and 500 kW, enabled the cover on the entire territory and under certain conditions, a good part of
In 1971, RNE opened a new short wave broadcasting center for shipments abroad. This new center, which greatly exceeded that of Arganda del Rey, was in the city Noblejas in the
The democratic era
The arrival of democracy in
Until the late 1970s, the consignments of Tercer Programa (RNE 3), which until then were only in
During the Franco dictatorship a number of semi-official radio stations (autorizadas) had worked in parallel with the private broadcasters and RNE, and belonged to organizations such as the Confederacion Nacional de Sindicatos (National Confederation of Trade Unions), Movimiento, and Organization Juvenil (The youth organization).
These stations were dissolved in 1981 and its transmitters in Spanish radio Cadena (Spanish radio channel). Some of the stations had to be abandoned because their frequencies were not included in those assigned to
RNE (National Spain Radios) today In 1989, Radio Cadena Nacional Española and radio were combined to make the current format of six thematic radio channels:
• Radio 1 - Channel generalist with a broad range of mostly speech-based programming.
• Radio Clsica - (formerly Radio 2) - and classical music concerts in general.
• Radio 3 - RNE's "young station" which refers to Pop, Rock, World Music, folk, and allied cultural events.
• Radio 4 - regional broadcasting in the Catalan language.
• Radio 5 Todo Noticias - 24-hour news.
• Radio Exterior de España - International Broadcasting Service on short wave, has an audience of 80 million listeners (only surpassed by the BBC and Radio
These stations are also available online at and via pod cast (see External Links below).
Integrated in the state of public broadcasting corporation RTVE (Radio Television Espanola) in 1973, RNE today has been assigned the role of "Public Radio service, which is an essential service for the community and the cohesion of the democratic society".
Unlike its sister television broadcasting organization, TVE, Radio National is fully financed by public funds and no air in their advertising programming.